Peasants were the fifth tier of society with slaves making up the lowest social class. Society was highly polarised and the disparity between the rich and the poor was quite evident. The levels of the pyramid could shift and individual tiers were more powerful at different times. Â© Captmondo - Papyrus from the Book of the Dead, depicting the High Priest Pinedjem II making an offering to Osiris. Each of the cities were assigned a prefect/mayor whose job was to provide for the necessities of the Egyptian citizens. Each person had to pay taxes to support the government. They also mined and quarried stone and precious materials. Ancient Egpyt job specialization was the pharaoh was the leader and appointed other officials that received direct orders from the king also known as the pharaoh. Soldiers protected Egypt from outside attacks and ended social uprisings. a='