In der Nähe der Bunnahabhain-Destillerie ist das Schiffswrack der Wyre Majestic zu sehen, die dort im Oktober 1974 auf Grund lief. Islay (/ˈaɪlə/ (listen) EYE-lə; Scottish Gaelic: Ìle, Scots: Ila) is the southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. [64] Dál Riata was divided into a small number of regions, each controlled by a particular kin group; according to the Senchus fer n-Alban ("The History of the Men of Scotland"), it was the Cenél nÓengusa for Islay and Jura. [128][129], Islay is one of five whisky distilling localities and regions in Scotland whose identity is protected by law. In 1726 Islay was purchased by Daniel Campbell of Shawfield. Die Clyde Tombs von Cragabus auf der Halbinsel The Oa, Cnoc an Altair, Frachdale und Nereabolls (Giant's Grave oder Slochd Measach)[7] der Steinkreis von Cultoon und die Achnacarranan Stones gehören neben der mittelalterlichen St. Ciaran’s Chapel mit ihrem Stein mit Cup-and-Ring-Markierungen ebenso zu den Sehenswürdigkeiten wie die Menhire von Carragh Bhan und Ballinaby oder das Hillfort von Dun Nosbridge und die Keltenkreuze von Kildalton und Kilnave. The term "single malt whiskey" refers to a whiskey that is produced by a single distillery using a single malted grain, which is typically barley. Jede der Destillerien verfolgt dabei ihren ganz eigenen Stil – sogar die Torfnote unterscheidet sich von Marke zu Marke deutlich. "The Industries of Argyll: Tradition and Improvement" in Omand (2006) pp. . [70][72][73] A local tradition suggests that a standing stone at Carragh Bhan near Kintra marks Godred Crovan's grave. Islay whisky Beverage, Distilled spirit. A Covenanter army under Sir David Leslie arrived on Islay in 1647, and besieged the royalist garrison at Dunnyvaig, laying waste to the island. Damit verfügt Islay über die beiden Grundvoraussetzungen für eine erfolgreiche Whiskyproduktion: Gerste und Torf! "The Industries of Argyll: Tradition and Improvement" in Omand (2006) p. 151, Duncan, P. J. Hon. [29] The island has its own bus service provided by Islay Coaches and Glenegedale Airport offers flights to and from Glasgow International Airport and on a less regular basis to Oban and Colonsay.[155]. Distilleries in the south make whisky which is "medium-bodied ... saturated with peat-smoke, brine and iodine" because they use malt that is heavy with peat as well as peaty water. [29], There are numerous small uninhabited islands around the coasts, the largest of which are Eilean Mhic Coinnich and Orsay off the Rinns, Nave Island on the northwest coast, Am Fraoch Eilean in the Sound of Islay, and Texa off the south coast. Islay verfügt über ein vergleichsweise mildes Klima, das auf den Golfstrom zurückgeführt wird. ", The Rhinns complex, named after the Islay peninsula which hosts its largest outcrop, is predominantly. Die nach Südwesten ins Meer ragende Landzunge wird Rhinns of Islay genannt. Godred Crovan was one of the most significant of the rulers of this sea kingdom. He died on Islay "of pestilence", during the following year. [197] The island supports a significant population of the marsh fritillary along with numerous other moths and butterflies. [3][4], Am 4. Skye | A charter was soon sent from the Scottish King confirming this state of affairs; it declares that Skye and the Outer Hebrides are to be considered independent from the rest of the former Lordship, leaving only Islay and Jura remaining in the comital unit. [152], An announcement in July 2019 stated that Atlantis Resources was proposing to develop a demonstration tidal array in the Sound of Islay that would eventually provide up to 10 MW of renewable energy. [178] A carved cross of similar age, but much more heavily weathered can be found at Kilnave,[179] which may have served as a site of lay worship. [184] Kilarrow Parish Church, built in 1767 by Daniel Campbell when laird of Islay, is round and such, as local folklore has it, has no corner in which the devil could hide. Islay was probably recorded by Ptolemy as Epidion,[16] the use of the "p" suggesting a Brittonic or Pictish tribal name. 108–09, Oram, Richard "The Lordship of the Isles, 1336–1545" in Omand (2006) pp. A song is different each time it’s sung, and the variations of wind, tide, vessel and crew mean that no voyage along a sea route will ever be the same…. [13] During the 17th century the power of Clan Donald waned, but improvements to agriculture and transport led to a rising population, which peaked in the mid-19th century. [19], The obliteration of pre-Norse names is almost total and place names on the island are a mixture of Norse and later Gaelic and English influences. However at Bruichladdich, this specific part of the loch’s shoreline, is peppered with exposed and hidden 1,500 billion year old gneiss rocks up to 50 metres offshore. [Note 9]. To the south is a "shattered coastline" formed from mica schist and hornblende. Secondly it might make translating the name to English very hard. 152–4, Duncan, P. J. The southeast and eastern areas of Islay also have some plantations growing coniferous trees. In 2000, Japanese author Haruki Murakami visited the island to sample seven single malt whiskies on the island and later wrote a travel book called If our language were whisky. Islay remained with the Campbells of Shawfield until 1853 when it was sold to James Morrison of Berkshire, ancestor of the third Baron Margadale, who still owns a substantial portion of the island. The island had become part of the Gaelic Kingdom of Dál Riata during the Early Middle Ages before being absorbed into the Norse Kingdom of the Isles. [167] In the 2001 census this had dropped to 24 per cent, which, while a low figure overall, nonetheless made it the most strongly Gaelic-speaking island in Argyll and Bute after Tiree, with the highest percentage recorded in Portnahaven (32 per cent) and the lowest in Gortontaoid (17 per cent), with the far north and south of the island being the weakest areas in general. Luing | [195] The re-introduced white-tailed sea eagle is now seen regularly around the coasts. Stiùireadair (Gaelic meaning: Helmsman) Men like the helmsman provided Bunnahabhain with a lifeline to the mainland ", Fisher, Ian "The early Christian Period" in Omand (2006) p. 71, Fisher, Ian "The early Christian Period" in Omand (2006) p. 82, Fisher, Ian "The early Christian Period" in Omand (2006) p. 83, Bridgland, Nick "The Medieval Church in Argyll" in Omand (2006) p. 86, Bridgland, Nick "The Medieval Church in Argyll" in Omand (2006) pp. [Note 1] There is ample evidence of the prehistoric settlement of Islay and the first written reference may have come in the 1st century AD. Die Anlage namens Limpet 500 wurde 2001 von der schottischen Firma Wavegen, einer hundertprozentigen Tochter der deutschen Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation GmbH & Co. KG, gebaut und hatte eine Nennleistung von 0,5 MW. Coll | [47] This can make travelling and living on the island during the winter difficult,[48] while ferry and air links to the mainland can suffer delays. That has led to some concern that the unique flavour of Islay is being negatively affected. [148] Still, there are no large hotels on the island yet, with tourist accommodation provided by guest houses, B&Bs, small hotels such as the Port Charlotte Hotel and the Harbour Inn at Bowmore,[146] self catering cottages and a youth hostel. Obwohl unter der Marke Bruichladdich die nicht-getorften Whiskys aus der Islay Brennerei vertrieben werden, handelt es sich bei diesem Single Malt um einen stark rauchigen. [23][24], Port Askaig is from the Norse ask-vík, meaning "ash tree bay" and the common suffix -bus is from the Norse bólstaðr, meaning "farm". The Mikuni Japanese Blended Whisky Comes To The United States. )[145] Walkers and cyclists appreciate the 210 kilometres of coastline. Jahrhundert auf seinem Weg von Irland nach Iona offenbar nach Islay. [195] Resident birds include red-billed chough, hen harrier, golden eagle, peregrine falcon, barn owl, raven, oystercatcher and guillemot. In Kilchoman wurde ein Militärfriedhof angelegt, auf dem die Toten beider Nationen der letztgenannten Katastrophe begraben wurden (bis auf eine wurden später alle amerikanischen Leichen exhumiert und in die Heimat gebracht). When the estate owners realised they could make more money from sheep farming than from the indigenous small farmers, wholesale Clearances became commonplace. Die Insel hat eine Größe von 619,6 km², ist etwa 40 km lang und hat eine maximale Breite von 32 km. Port Charlotte for example, was named after Lady Charlotte Campbell, daughter of 5th Duke of Argyll, and wife of the island's then owner, Col John Campbell (1770–1809) of Shawfield and Islay. In 1098, under pressure from Magnus, the king of Scotland quitclaimed to Magnus all sovereign authority over the isles. At first there were only two Protestant churches but in 1642 three parishes were created, based at Kilchoman, Kilarrow and a new church at Dunyvaig. Generally scotch flavors can be broadly characterized by their place of origin. . Eorsa | In both the 1901 and 1921 censuses, all parishes in Islay were reported to be over 75 per cent Gaelic-speaking. )[106] The agricultural economy was dependent on arable farming including staples such as barley and oats supplemented with stock-rearing. Though an obsolete term by 1901, it also used to mean a ‘lee shore’, a dangerous coastline for sailing vessels in a prevailing wind. Once thought to be part of the Lewisian complex, it lies beneath the Colonsay Group of metasedimentary rocks[34][35] that forms the bedrock at the northern end of the Rinns. [188], In 1967–68, folk-rock singer Donovan included "The Isle of Islay" in his album, A Gift from a Flower to a Garden, a song praising the pastoral beauties of the island. Loch Indaal is a very shallow and sandy sea loch that since the Vikings was used as the main anchorage for Islay. [3][37][38] The older Bowmore Group sandstones in the west centre of the island are rich in feldspar and may be of Dalradian origin. [97] The MacLean family had been granted land in Jura in 1390, by the MacDonalds, and in 1493 had thus been seen as the natural replacement for them, leading to a branch of the MacLeans being granted Dunyvaig Castle by king James, and expanding into Islay. Offshore, a variety of cetaceans are regularly recorded including minke whales, pilot whales, killer whales and bottle-nosed dolphins. Since 1973 the Ileach has been delivering news to the people of Islay every fortnight and was named community newspaper of the year in 2007. Rona | Um Anfänger in Sachen Islaywhisky nicht zu verschrecken, sollten sie sich erst an diese extremen Whiskys herantrinken und zu Beginn einen vergleic… [Note 6] The result was a bloody stalemate, and the island kingdom was temporarily divided, with Somerled taking control of the southern Hebrides. 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